Top 20 Microsoft Foundation Class Library (mfc) Interview Questions You Must Prepare 04.Dec.2022

First, need to find the handle of the Control by using some API like EnumWindows and enumerrating all windows and checking for the text of the window by GetWindowTExt.

Once, handle of the target control has been identified, SendMessage can be used to send appropriate message to the control. like WM_SETTEXT can be sent to change text of window, etc...

Using DoModal() function.
create a class of another dialog box.
and write a code in fist dialog box function.
Classname(second) variable_name;
variable_name.DoModl();
and define the new header file in fisrt dialog bob code.
like;
#include "classname.h"

Instead of SendMessage API i will use the SendMessageTimeout 

API to solve the system hang or You can use PostMessage API instead.

CwinApp -> CDocument -> CFrameWnd -> CView

by using the tool tip property we can know the where the mouse point is located now.

new container 
polymorphic wrapping 
expression passing 
Smart Pointer

  1. Application Framework: The MFC library framework includes its own application structure-one that has been proved in many software environments.App wizard generates skeleton code for your entire application, and class wizard generates prototypes and function bodies for message handlers.
  2. Message Mapping
  3. Runtime class information
  4. Serialization

using SetWindowText()function we can change text of specified window dynamically.

CCmdTarget class used to process window message, any class directly or indirectly inherited from CCmdTarget will eligible for message handling..

CRITICAL_SECTION :- CRITICAL_SECTION (CS) objects are initialized and deleted but do not have handles and are not shared by other processes. A variable should be declared to be of type CRITICAL_SECTION. Threads enter and leave a CS, and only one thread at a time can be in a specific CS. EnterCriticalSection blocks a thread if another thread is in the section. The waiting thread unblocks when another thread executes LeaveCriticalSection. If a thread already owns the CS, it can enter again without blocking; that is, CRITICAL_SECTIONs are recursive. CRITICAL_SECTIONs have the advantage of not being kernel objects and are maintained in user space. This usually, but not always, provides performance improvements.

Mutex: - mutexes can be named and have handles, they can also be used for interprocess synchronization between threads in separate processes. Mutex objects are similar to CSs, but, in addition to being process-sharable, mutexes allow time-out values and become signaled when abandoned by a terminating process.A thread gains mutex ownership (or locks the mutex) by waiting on the mutex handle (WaitForSingleObject or WaitForMultipleObjects), and it releases ownership with ReleaseMutex. 

Semaphore :- Semaphores maintain a count, and the semaphore object is signaled when the count is greater than @The semaphore object is unsignaled when the count is 0. 

Event :- Events are used to signal other threads that some event, such as a message being available, has occurred.

CWinApp is an application object provides member functions for initializing your application (and each instance of it) and for running the application.

Each application that uses the Microsoft Foundation classes can only contain one object derived from CWinApp. This object is constructed when other C++ global objects are constructed and is already available when Windows calls the WinMain function, which is supplied by the Microsoft Foundation Class Library. Declare your derived CWinApp object at the global level.

When you derive an application class from CWinApp, override the InitInstance member function to create your application's main window object. 

In addition to the CWinApp member functions, the Microsoft Foundation Class Library provides the following global functions to access your CWinApp object and other global information: 

  • AfxGetApp Obtains a pointer to the CWinApp object.
  • AfxGetInstanceHandle Obtains a handle to the current application instance.
  • AfxGetResourceHandle Obtains a handle to the application's resources.
  • AfxGetAppName Obtains a pointer to a string containing the application's name. Alternately, if you have a pointer to the CWinApp object, use m_pszExeName to get the application's name.

Dialog data exchange (DDX) is an easy way to initialize the controls in your dialog box and to gather data input by the user. Dialog data validation (DDV) is an easy way to validate data entry in a dialog box.

Modal dialog is one which will not allow u to access any thing until this dialog is active.

Call:

Dialog::DoModal() 

And reverse of this ur modeless dialog.

Dialog::ShowDialog();

For Example: 

Modal Dialog:

When we access Menu items such as Save as, Open, attach file, in any application, we can not able to access any part of the application execpt the active dialog.

When we open add remove program for uninstalling any application, u will get a Uninstallation dialog which will be modeles. bcz still u were able to access add remove programs. (this is probably in Vista. And in XP its modal dialog which they have used)

In general, TargetObject is the object where you will get the sorted result.

If you want to specific wer please update the context and details of question like Grid or Array.

int CALLBACK WinMain(
__in HINSTANCE hInstance,
__in HINSTANCE hPrevInstance,
__in LPSTR lpCmdLine,
__in int nCmdShow
);

CObject is the base class for all the MFC classes.

There many ways to find memory leaks, One of the ways is by using MFC class. And another way is using Purify tools...

CMemorState is a MFC class by which we can find the memory leaks. Below is a sample code to find the same.

#ifdef _DEBUG
CMemoryState oldState, newState, diffState;
oldState.Checkpoint();
#endif
int* a = new int[10];
#ifdef _DEBUG 
newState.Checkpoint();
if(diffState.Difference(oldState, newState))
{
TRACE0("Memory Leaked");
}
#endif

primitive & non-primitive type are difference thing,primitive is the well defined data,we can't modified this type of data,but in non-primtive type as a user defined of data which store reference or object data,bcz they are created rather then per-defind.