Top 33 Jira (Software) Interview Questions You Must Prepare 02.Mar.2024

You can email an issue by using the share option in JIRA. You can also email other JIRA users a link to the issue by sharing the issue with them or by mentioning them in an issue’s Description or Comment field.

The events are classified in two a System event (JIRA defined events) and Custom event (User defined events). An event describes the status, the default template and the notification scheme and workflow trition post function associations for the event.

In JIRA, an issue can be anything like a

  • Software bug
  • The project task
  • A help-desk ticket
  • The leave request form

Schemes are a major part of JIRA configuration. It is a collection of configured values that can be used by one or more JIRA project. For instance, Notification Schemes, Permission Scheme, Issue Type Scheme, and so on. There are total seven types of schemes.

Practically, it is not possible to trition an issue back to its previous status.  However, you can use “onhold” feature to trition an issue back to its previous status. Here are the steps,

  • In workflow, Create a global trition to the ‘On Hold’ status.
  • Now from ‘On Hold’ status create another trition to every other status you want to come back to
  • Since the trition names cannot be the same, just add a blank space at the end of it.
  • Now you don’t want the status trition from the ‘On Hold’ and ‘Done’ to ‘On Hold’ So you will hide the other status “On Hold” by adding the value field condition on the global trition.

You can configure following things for each pair of an issue type and JIRA project.

  • The order of custom fields appears on an issue screen.
  • Workflow of an issue including the statuses.
  • Which custom fields and system an issue can use?
  • Project accessibility.
  • Permissions for what a user can do with an issue.
  • Versions and components available for an issue.

Types of Post functions carried out after trition is executed includes

  • Adding a comment to an issue
  • Generating change history for an issue
  • Updating an issue’s fields
  • Generating an event to trigger email notifications

The backup data includes:

  • Attachments if selected
  • Users and their group settings
  • Avatars
  • Issues

 

Three color will be displayed representing the amount of time spent behind the issue:

  • Original Estimate (Blue): The amount of time originally estimated to resolve the issue
  • Remaining Estimate(Orange): The remaining amount of time left to resolve the issue
  • Time Spen or Logged (Green): The amount of time spent so far while resolving the issue

To disable mail notification for a particular Bulk Operations, you have to de-select the “Send Notification” checkbox in the bulk operation wizard.

To modify multiple bulk issues, you can use Bulk Change option from the “Tools” menu of the navigator.  All the issues on the current page can be selected for the bulk operation.  

The following list details the available bulk operations like:

  • Workflow Trition
  • Delete
  • Move
  • Edit

The reason behind using JIRA is

  • Upfront and fair licensing policy
  • Features that is not available elsewhere
  • Get latest update on the progress of projects
  • It run anywhere and recognized with many famous companies
  • Easily extensible and customizable

Some popular add-ons for JIRA include,

  • Suites utilities for JIRA
  • ScriptRunner for JIRA
  • Zephyr for JIRA – Test Management
  • JIRA Toolkit Plugin
  • Atlassian REST API Browser
  • Portfolio for JIRA
  • JIRA Misc Workflow Extensions
  • Tempo Timesheets for JIRA
  • JIRA Charting Plugin

As such Statuses are global objects in JIRA. Changing the name of the status on one workflow will change the status on all workflows that use that status

  • Hover over a status or trition to see the relevant trition labels
  • One cannot clone tritions in the workflow designer
  • In the workflow designer, one cannot create annotations
  • Directly you cannot set the issue.editable property.

For Agile project to create user stories in JIRA, follow below steps:

  • Issue type -Epic and Issue type – Story linked to it. In order to do so, in the ‘Create Issue’ page, go to “Configure Fields” and select “Epic link” field to be included in the issue creation screen.
  • Or you can have a product backlog by creating a main User story and having various sub-tasks under it.

If a workflow is active, you cannot edit the workflow name (only the description)

  • You cannot delete the workflow steps
  • A step associated status cannot be edited
  • You cannot add any new outgoing trition if a step has no outgoing tritions (Global tritions are not considered).
  • A step’s Step ID cannot be changed.

Security setting for any issue is defined or say set either at the time of creation of the issue or while editing the issue. The basic reason for security setting is to restrict the user access to the issue so that not all users are able to work on that issue. Security setting also allows the access of the issue to the member of chosen security level.

JIRA Schema consists of the following:

  • Workflows
  • Issue types
  • Custom fields
  • Screens
  • Field configurations
  • Notifications
  • Permissions

 

Workflow is defined as a movement of the bug/issue through various stages during its life-cycle

  • Created/Open
  • WIP ( Work In Progress)
  • Completed/Closed

Cloning as issue allows you to create a duplicate of the original issue so that many employees can work on a single issue within a single project. The clone issue can be connected to the original issue.  A clone issue holds following the information

  • Summary
  • Description
  • Assignee
  • Environment
  • Priority
  • Issue Type
  • Security
  • Reporter
  • Components, etc.

It integrates with source control programs such as CVS, Git, Subversion, Clearcase, Visual SourceSafe, Mercurial, and Perforce.

Yes, it is possible to access JIRA cloud site via a mobile device. You have to just use the URL of the JIRA cloud site in your mobile web browser.

  • Labelling Issue: It enables you to categorize an issue in a more informal way than assigning it to a component or version. You can then search issues according to label.
  • Linking Issue: This feature enables you to link an association between two issues on either on the same or different JIRA servers.

Issue change history includes :

  • Deletion of a comment
  • Deletion of a worklog
  • Creation or deletion of an issue link
  • Attachment of a file
  • Changes to an issue field

Under Audit Log, you can see all the details about the issue created, and the changes made in the issues.

JIRA is an issue tracking product or a software tool developed by Atlassian, commonly used for bug tracking, project management and issue tracking; it is entirely based on this three aspects.

Bugzilla : 

  • It is an Open Source
  • Using Bugzilla might be little complicated for few due to grouping users and granting permissions
  • Bugzilla allows you to show/hide the whole custom field or specific values based on the value of some other field
  • Bugzilla’s has a powerful advanced search option
  • Unlike JIRA, Bugzilla allows users select the initial status of a new issue.
  • Bugzilla has only one link type: Blocks/depends and a Bug ID custom field

JIRA :

  • It is a commercial tool.
  • For some using JIRA would be more convenient than Bugzilla
  • JIRA enables conditional configuration based only on Type fields and Project.
  • JIRA lacks advance-level search options. JIRA has flexible JQL language (JIRA Query Language). It enables you to build arbitrary boolean expressions.
  • Unlike Bugzilla, JIRA enables you to define multiple workflows which are applied based on the issue’s Project and Type.
  • JIRA has configurable link types with user-defined semantics. JIRA enables to link an issue to any other entity outside JIRA.

In JIRA, you can take backup of your JIRA cloud data using Backup Manager. But only one backup file is stored at a time. The existing backup is overwritten by new ones.

JIRA’S security setting restricts the access to the issue to only those person who is allowed to work on the issue or a member of the chosen security level. Security level of an issue can be set either when the issue is created or when the issue is being edited

JIRA offer reports that show statistics for projects, versions, people or other fields within issues.  Various reports included with JIRA are

  • Average Age Report
  • Pie Chart Report
  • Resolution Time Report
  • Recently Created Issues Report
  • Resolved vs. Created Issues Report
  • Single Level Group by Report
  • Time Tracking Report
  • User Workload Report
  • Workload Pie Chart Report, etc.

You can disable JIRA mobile for the site, so that users can be unable to operate the desktop view of JIRA on their mobile device.  JIRA mobile comes as a system add-on and can be disabled any time.

The Validators in JIRA checks that any input made to the trition is valid before the trition is performed. If a validator fails, the issue will not progress to the destination status of the trition.