Go to Msconfig and select Normal Mode and Restart the Computer.
Open the Windows Registery Editor and Delete the Upper and Lower Filter Keys.
Boot.ini lists all the Operating Systems present in the computer and provide information about which partitions they are located on.
(Audio not working)
@Check for cable connections
@Check for power to the speakers
@Check for volume control
@Check for device drivers
Generally, there are 04 lights. They indicate the following:
Recovery Console (By Using the fixmbr command)
It is a process where the computer component is forced to run at a higher clock rate.
The advantages of over clocking are:
LAN Cards, LAN Cables, Router/Hub
The command is: CONVERT <Drive Letter>: /fs:NTFS. There will be no effect on the data. (Data will be safe).But remember this: if you want to convert NTFS partition back to FAT32, you will have to re-format that partition and select the FAT32 file system.
Change the Boot Order in BIOS.
A Data Cable is a Thin Plastic bandlike cable used to connect the DataDevices like Harddisk drives, Floppy Disk Drives, CD/DVDROM drives with the motherboard. Data Cables are primarily used for Data Trfer.
Restart the Computer, Keep tapping on the F8 Key to go to the Windows Advanced Options Menu and select the option “Last Known Good Configuration” and hit the <Enter> key.
A Device Driver (or just Driver) is a piece of software which is requied to run every Hardware Component present in the computer.
When the first installation of Windows fails to boot for some reason, another copy of Windows is installed in teh same drive but in a different directory (so that the customer can access to and backup his old data). This is called Parallel Installation of Windows.
Jumper is a metal bridge that closes an electric circuit. A jumper consists of a plastic plug that fits over a pair of protruding pins. It is used to change the board’s parameters.
UAC stands for User Access Control. For more information read this article.
RJ45 connectors are used for LAN/Ethernet connections and RJ11 connectors are used for Telephone Cable connections.
The customer has installed an Incorrect Device Driver for the Printer. I would uninstall the driver, from the WIndows Device Manager and install the correct Device Driver for the Printer from the Disk that came with the Printer. (If the Disk is not available, I can still download the correct device driver from the manufacturer’s website)
SATA stands for Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. It is high speed computer bus interface designed to connect the host bus adapters to mass storage devices, such as hard disk drives and optical drives.
By booting with the Windows XP CD and following the on-screen instructrions. The Recovery Console can also be installed in your computer.
USB stands for Universal Serial Bus. It allows devices to be connected or disconnected from a computer without shutting down or restarting the computer. The current version of USB is 2.0.
Cache memory is the memory area between Processor and Ram. If the cache memory increases, the speed of the system will also increases.
In a Workgroup, all the computers function as Peers. But in a Domain, One computer is the Server and the others are Clients.
To lower the temperature of a device, a heat sink component is used. It is there on the microprocessor and if it is not functioning well then the computer will shut down automatically.
The different types of DRAM are SRAM, VRAM, SGRAM, DDRSDRAM
Reconfigure Norton Firewall to allow Internet Explorer to access the internet.
Chipset is one of the processing devices in a computer. It is a number of integrated circuits, designed to control how information travels between other components and processor. It is a group of microchip to work as a unit to perform one or more related functions. While motherboard is where all other components like CPU, Memory, Sockets for external connectors and drives are attached. Chipset is a built in feature of otherboard. While, processor is a main integrated circuit block, which does the function according to the instruction of a computer program. It is based on the logical, arithmetical and input/output of the system.
Ping is a command that checks the connectivity with an IP address.
The Operating System
The features of the Disk Defragmenter Tool are the same in both Windows XP and Windows 20@They are:
@Enhanced Analysis Functionality.
@A Compression option.
@Increased Defragmentation Option and an Automatic Defrag-Scheduling Option.
An IP address is a unique numerical identifier of every device on a network. A typical IP address can look like this: 220.127.116.11@To detect a computer’s IP Address, go to Start – Run – Type in CMD in the Run Dialogue Box and click OK or hit <Enter> – In the Command Prompt Screen that comes up, type in IPCONFIG and hit <Enter>
Rebuild the TCP/IP Stack in the users computer
The first thing I will ask the customer, whether the system is properly connected with the printer. The next thing would be to check the Device Driver. Many times it happens that if you install an incorrect Device Driver, the print copy would not be clear.
Download the most recent virus signature files and scan his computer for viruses.
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. It is used to generate & provide IP addresses to the computers on a network.
CRT Monitors: The Monitor has a picture tube and uses a lightgun to highlight pixels on the screen.
LCD Monitors: These monitors do not have a picture tube and contain a layer of liquid crystals on an Electronic Board.
A Blue Screen of Death (or just a Blue Screen Error) is an indication of a Critical System Problem wherein the Computer freezes altogether and does not respond to anything.To rectify this problem, try Restarting the computer or Booting into Safe Mode.