Top 28 Aws Cloudwatch Interview Questions You Must Prepare 14.Jun.2024

Yes, CloudWatch stores metrics for terminated EC2 instances or deleted ELBs for 15 months.

The CloudWatch Log Agent is supported on Amazon Linux, Ubuntu, CentOS, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and Windows. This agent will support the ability to monitor individual log files on the host.

Currently, only customer metrics that you publish to CloudWatch are available at high resolution.

CloudWatch is a monitoring service for AWS cloud resources and the applications you run on AWS. You can use CloudWatch to collect and track metrics, collect and monitor log files, and set alarms. CloudWatch can monitor resources such as EC2 instances, DynamoDB tables, and RDS DB instances.

CloudWatch receives and provides metrics for all EC2 instances and should work with any operating system currently supported by the EC2 service.

No, CloudWatch monitoring charge does not vary by EC2 instance type.

You can retrieve, graph, and set alarms on the following statistical metrics: average, sum, min, max, and sample count.

When you create an alarm, you first choose the CloudWatch metric you want it to monitor. Next, you choose the evaluation period and a statistical value to measure. To set a threshold, set a target value and choose whether the alarm will trigger when the value is greater, equal, or less than that value.

You can configure the EC2Config service to send a variety of data and log files to CloudWatch including: custom text logs, Even logs, Event Tracing logs, and Performance Counter data.

Amazon CloudWatch Logs lets you monitor and troubleshoot your systems and applications using your existing system, application and custom log files. With CloudWatch Logs, you can monitor your logs, in near real time, for specific phrases, values or patterns. For example, you could set an alarm on the number of errors that occur in your system logs or view graphs of latency of web requests from your application logs. You can then view the original log data to see the source of the problem. Log data can be stored and accessed indefinitely in highly durable, low-cost storage so you don't have to worry about filling up hard drives.

The CloudWatch Logs Agent will record an error in the event it has been configured to report non-text log data.

You can monitor your own data using custom metrics, CloudWatch logs, or both. You may want to use custom metrics if your data is not already produced in log format, for example OS process or performance measurements. Or, you may want to write your own application or script, or one provided by an AWS partner. If you want to store and save individual measurements along with additional detail, you may want to use CloudWatch Logs.

CloudWatch retains metric data as follows:

  1. Data points with a period of less than 60 seconds are available for 3 hours. These data points are high-resolution custom metrics,
  2. Data points with a period of 60 seconds (1 minute) are available for 15 days,
  3.  Data points with a period of 300 seconds (5 minute) are available for 63 days, 4) Data points with a metric of 3600 seconds (1 hr) are available for 455 days (15 months). Data points that are initially published with a shorter period are aggregated together for long-term storage.

Yes. The CloudWatch Logs Agent is integrated with IAM and includes support for both access keys and IAM roles.

A Metric Filter pattern can contain search terms or a specification of your common log or JSON event format. CloudWatch Logs can also be used to extract values from a log even in common log or JSON format.

CloudWatch allows you to monitor AWS cloud resources and the applications you run on AWS. Metrics are provided automatically for a number of AWS products and services, including EC2 instances, EBS volumes, ELBs, Autoscaling groups, EMR job flows, RDS DB instances, DynamoDB tables, ElastiCache clusters, RedShift clusters, OpsWorks stacks, Route 53 health checks, SNS topics, SQS queues, SWF workflows, and Storage Gateways. You can also monitor custom metrics generated by your own applications and services.

When you create an alarm, you can configure it to perform one or more automated actions when the metric you chose to monitor exceeds a threshold you define.

Ex: send an email, publish to SQS, stop/terminate an EC2 instance, or execute an auto-scaling policy.

No. You can always retrieve metrics data for any EC2 instance based on the retention schedules. However, the CloudWatch console limits the search of metrics to 2 weeks after a metric is last ingested to ensure that the most up to date instances are shown in your namespace.

You can create an alarm to monitor any CloudWatch metric in your account. You can also create an alarm on custom metrics that are specific to your custom application or infrastructure.

CloudWatch Logs is capable of monitoring and storing your logs to help you better understand and operate your systems and applications.

You can use CloudWatch logs in a number of ways:

  1. Real Time application and system monitoring,
  2. Long term log retention.

You can store your log data for as long as you want. By default, CloudWatch Logs will store your log data indefinitely. You can change the retention for each LogGroup at any time.

No, high-resolution custom metrics are priced in the same manner as standard 1-min custom metrics.

You can retrieve any of your log data using the CloudWatch Logs console or through the CloudWatch Logs CLI. Log events are retrieved based on the Log Group, Log Stream and time with which they are associated.

CloudWatch Logs is capable of monitoring and storing your logs to help you better understand and operate your systems and applications. When you use CloudWatch Logs with your logs, your existing log data is used for monitoring, so no code changes are required.

CloudWatch Logs lets you monitor and troubleshoot your systems and applications using your existing system, application and custom log files. With CloudWatch Logs, you can monitor your logs, in near real time, for specific phrases, values or patterns.

CloudWatch Metric Filters does not support regular expressions. To process your log data with regular expressions, consider using Amazon Kinesis and connect the stream with a regular expression processing engine.

The CloudWatch Logs Agent will send log data files every five seconds by default and is configurable by the user.

CloudWatch integrates with AWS IAM so that you can specify which CloudWatch actions a user in your AWS Account can perform. You can't use IAM to control access to CloudWatch data for specific resources. For example, you can't give a user access to CloudWatch data for only a specific set of instances or a specific LoadBalancer. Permissions granted using IAM cover all the cloud resources you use with CloudWatch. In addition, you can't use IAM roles with the Amazon CloudWatch command line tools.