Top 44 Angular Js Interview Questions You Must Prepare 02.Oct.2022

ng-show directive shows a given control.
In below example, we’ve added ng-show attribute to a HTML button and pass it a model. Then we’ve attached the model to a checkbox and can see the variation.

<input type = “checkbox” ng-model = “showHide1”>Show Button
<button ng-show = “showHide1”>Click Me!</button>

angular.module is used to create AngularJS modules along with its dependent modules.
Consider the following example:
var mainApp = angular.module(“mainApp”, []);
Here we’ve declared an application mainApp module using angular.module function. We’ve passed an empty array to it. This array generally contains dependent modules declared earlier.

Expressions are used to bind application data to html. Expressions are written inside double braces like {{ expression}}. Expressions behave in same way as ng-bind directives. AngularJS application expressions are pure JavaScript expressions and outputs the data where they are used.

Following are the three core directives of AngularJS.
ng-app − This directive defines and links an AngularJS application to HTML.
ng-model − This directive binds the values of AngularJS application data to HTML input controls.
ng-bind − This directive binds the AngularJS Application data to HTML tags.

Using service method, we define a service and then assign method to it. We’ve also injected an already available service to it.

mainApp.service(‘CalcService’, function(MathService)
{
    this.square = function(a) { 
        return MathService.multiply(a,a); 
    }
});

ng-app directive defines and links an AngularJS application to HTML. It also indicate the start of the application.

Angular JS is a framework to build large scale and high performance web application while keeping them as easy-to-maintain. 
Following are the features of Angular JS framework.
1.Angular JS is a powerful JavaScript based development framework to create RICH Internet Application (RIA).
2.Angular JS provides developers options to write client side application (using JavaScript) in a clean MVC (Model View Controller) way.
3.Application written in Angular JS is cross-browser compliant. Angular JS automatically handles JavaScript code suitable for each browser.
4.Angular JS is open source, completely free, and used by thousands of developers around the world. It is licensed under the Apache License version 2.0.

Scopes are objects that refer to the model. They act as glue between controller and view.

ng-bind directive binds the AngularJS Application data to HTML tags. ng-bind updates the model created by ng-model directive to be displayed in the html tag whenever user input something in the control or updates the html control’s data when model data is updated by controller.

filter filter is used to filter the array to a subset of it based on provided criteria.
In below example, to display only required subjects, we’ve used subjectName as filter.

Enter subject: <input type = “text” ng-model = “subjectName”>
Subject:
<ul>
<li ng-repeat = “subject in student.subjects | filter: subjectName”>
{{ subject.name + ‘, marks:’ + subject.marks }}
</li>
</ul>

Internationalization is a way to show locale specific information on a website. For example, display content of a website in English language in United States and in Danish in France.

Angular JS come with several built-in services. For example $http service is used to make XMLHttpRequests (Ajax calls). Services are singleton objects which are instantiated only once in app.

AngularJS being a pure javaScript based library integrates easily with HTML.
Step 1 − Include angularjs javascript libray in the html page
<head> src = “http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.14/angular.min.js&#8221;> </head>
Step 2 − Point to AngularJS app
Next we tell what part of the HTML contains the AngularJS app. This done by adding the ng-app attribute to the root HTML element of the AngularJS app. You can either add it to html element or body element as shown below:
<body ng-app = “myapp”> </body>

Angular JS supports inbuilt internationalization for three types of filters currency, date and numbers. We only need to incorporate corresponding js according to locale of the country. By default it handles the locale of the browser. For example, to use Danish locale, use following script

$routeProvider is the key service which set the configuration of urls, maps them with the corresponding html page or ng-template, and attaches a controller with the same.

ng-init directive initializes an AngularJS Application data. It is used to put values to the variables to be used in the application.

Currency filter formats text in a currency format.
In below example, we’ve added currency filter to an expression returning number using pipe character. Here we’ve added currency filter to print fees using currency format.

Enter fees: <input type = “text” ng-model = “student.fees”>
fees: {{student.fees | currency}}

Services are JavaScript functions and are responsible to do specific tasks only. Each service is responsible for a specific task for example, $http is used to make ajax call to get the server data. $route is used to define the routing information and so on. Inbuilt services are always prefixed with $ symbol.

Filters select a subset of items from an array and return a new array. Filters are used to show filtered items from a list of items based on defined criteria.

ng-hide directive hides a given control.
In below example, we’ve added ng-hide attribute to a HTML button and pass it a model. Then we’ve attached the model to a checkbox and can see the variation.

<input type = “checkbox” ng-model = “showHide2”>Hide Button
<button ng-hide = “showHide2”>Click Me!</button>

Using factory method, we first define a factory and then assign method to it.
var mainApp = angular.module(“mainApp”, []);
mainApp.factory(‘MathService’, function() { 
    var factory = {}; 
    factory.multiply = function(a, b) {
        return a * b 
    }
    return factory;
});

AngularJS provides $http control which works as a service to make ajax call to read data from the server. The server makes a database call to get the desired records. AngularJS needs data in JSON format. Once the data is ready, $http can be used to get the data from server in the following manner:
function studentController($scope, $http) {
    var url = “data.txt”;
    $http.get(url).success( function(response) {
        $scope.students = response; 
    });
}

constants are used to pass values at config phase considering the fact that value cannot be used to be passed during config phase.
mainApp.constant(“configParam”, “constant value”);

Scope is a special JavaScript object which plays the role of joining controller with the views. Scope contains the model data. In controllers, model data is accessed via $scope object. $rootScope is the parent of all of the scope variables.

ng-repeat directive repeats html elements for each item in a collection.

factory method is used to define a factory which can later be used to create services as and when required whereas service method is used to create a service whose purpose is to do some defined task.

Ng-controller directive tells AngularJS what controller to use with this view. AngularJS application mainly relies on controllers to control the flow of data in the application. A controller is a JavaScript object containing attributes/properties and functions. Each controller accepts $scope as a parameter which refers to the application/module that controller is to control.

It is concept of switching views. Angular JS based controller decides which view to render based on the business logic.

ng-model directive binds the values of AngularJS application data to HTML input controls. It creates a model variable which can be used with the html page and within the container control( for example, div) having ng-app directive.

Uppercase filter converts a text to upper case text.
In below example, we’ve added uppercase filter to an expression using pipe character. Here we’ve added uppercase filter to print student name in all capital letters.

 Enter first name:<input type = “text” ng–model = “student.firstName”>                        
             Enter last name: <input type = “text” ng–model = “student.lastName”>                    
             Name in Upper Case: {{student.fullName() | uppercase}}

AngularJS enriches form filling and validation. We can use $dirty and $invalid flags to do the validations in seamless way. Use novalidate with a form declaration to disable any browser specific validation.
Following can be used to track error.
$dirty − states that value has been changed.
$invalid − states that value entered is invalid.
$error − states the exact error.

Deep linking allows you to encode the state of application in the URL so that it can be bookmarked. The application can then be restored from the URL to the same state.

Yes! In AngularJS we can create custom directive to extend AngularJS existing functionalities.
Custom directives are used in AngularJS to extend the functionality of HTML. Custom directives are defined using “directive” function. A custom directive simply replaces the element for which it is activated.
AngularJS application during bootstrap finds the matching elements and do one time activity using its compile() method of the custom directive then process the element using link() method of the custom directive based on the scope of the directive.

Templates are the rendered view with information from the controller and model. These can be a single file (like index.html) or multiple views in one page using “partials”.

ng-disabled directive disables a given control.
In below example, we’ve added ng-disabled attribute to a HTML button and pass it a model. Then we’ve attached the model to an checkbox and can see the variation.
<input type = “checkbox” ng-model = “enableDisableButton”>Disable Button
<button ng-disabled = “enableDisableButton”>Click Me!</button>

Controllers are JavaScript functions that are bound to a particular scope. They are the prime actors in Angular JS framework and carry functions to operate on data and decide which view is to be updated to show the updated model based data.

Data binding is the automatic synchronization of data between model and view components. ng-model directive is used in data binding.

orderby filter orders the array based on provided criteria.
In below example, to order subjects by marks, we’ve used orderBy marks.
Subject:

<ul>
<li ng-repeat = “subject in student.subjects | orderBy:’marks'”>
{{ subject.name + ‘, marks:’ + subject.marks }}
</li>
</ul>

Angular JS provides a supreme Dependency Injection mechanism. It provides following core components which can be injected into each other as dependencies.
1.value
2.factory
3.service
4.provider
5.constant

Directives are markers on DOM elements (such as elements, attributes, css, and more). These can be used to create custom HTML tags that serve as new, custom widgets. Angular JS has built-in directives (ng-bind, ng-model, etc) to perform most of the task that developers have to do.

ng-click directive represents a AngularJS click event.
In below example, we’ve added ng-click attribute to a HTML button and added an expression to updated a model. Then we can see the variation.

<p>Total click: {{ clickCounter }}</p></td>
<button ng-click = “clickCounter = clickCounter + 1”>Click Me!</button>

When the page is loaded in the browser, following things happen:
· HTML document is loaded into the browser, and evaluated by the browser. Angular JS JavaScript file is loaded; the angular global object is created. Next, JavaScript which registers controller functions is executed.
· Next Angular JS sc through the HTML to look for Angular JS apps and views. Once view is located, it connects that view to the corresponding controller function.
· Next, Angular JS executes the controller functions. It then renders the views with data from the model populated by the controller. The page gets ready.

Advantages of Angular JS:
1.Angular JS provides capability to create Single Page Application in a very clean and maintainable way.
2.Angular JS provides data binding capability to HTML thus giving user a rich and responsive experience.
3.Angular JS code is unit testable.
4.Angular JS uses dependency injection and make use of separation of concerns.
5.Angular JS provides reusable components.
6.With Angular JS, developer writes less code and gets more functionality.
7.In Angular JS, views are pure html pages, and controllers written in JavaScript do the business processing.
8.Angular JS applications can run on all major browsers and smart phones including Android and iOS based phones/tablets.

Angular JS provides support to create custom directives for following type of elements.
Element directives − Directive activates when a matching element is encountered.
Attribute − Directive activates when a matching attribute is encountered.
CSS − Directive activates when a matching css style is encountered.
Comment − Directive activates when a matching comment is encountered.